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消防系統種類(lèi)介紹

來(lái)源:http://www.guizhouhuli.net/ 日期:2024-06-07

消防設備分為三大類(lèi):水消防系統;氣體消防系統;泡沫滅火系統;

Fire protection equipment is divided into three categories: water fire protection systems; Gas fire protection system; Foam fire extinguishing system;

1.水消防系統:水是常用的滅火劑,且水便宜,滅火效果好;滅火原理:水冷卻作用,并穿透燃燒物來(lái)滅火。

1. Water fire protection system: Water is a commonly used fire extinguishing agent, and water is cheap and has good fire extinguishing effects; Fire extinguishing principle: Water cools and penetrates through combustibles to extinguish the fire.

A.消火栓給水系統(室內消火栓、室外消火栓系統)

A. Fire hydrant water supply system (indoor fire hydrant, outdoor fire hydrant system)

B.自動(dòng)噴水滅火系統(閉式自動(dòng)噴水滅火系統、預作用噴水系統、雨淋自動(dòng)噴水系統)

B. Automatic sprinkler system (closed automatic sprinkler system, pre action sprinkler system, deluge sprinkler system)

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2.氣體消防系統

2. Gas fire protection system

A.氣體滅火工作原理:當防護區發(fā)生火災時(shí),由火災探測器向滅火控制盤(pán)發(fā)出信號,滅火控制控制聲光報警盒,發(fā)出撤離報警信號,并控制聯(lián)動(dòng)設備(風(fēng)機、空調等)。延時(shí)(0-30s)后,發(fā)出滅火指令,打開(kāi)驅動(dòng)氣體瓶組,釋放驅動(dòng)氣體,打開(kāi)相應防護區的選擇閥和滅火劑瓶組的容器閥,釋放滅火劑,實(shí)施滅火。

A. Working principle of gas fire extinguishing: When a fire occurs in the protected area, the fire detector sends a signal to the fire extinguishing control panel, the fire extinguishing control controls the sound and light alarm box, sends an evacuation alarm signal, and controls the linkage equipment (fans, air conditioning, etc.). After a delay of 0-30 seconds, issue a fire extinguishing command, open the drive gas cylinder group, release the drive gas, open the selection valve of the corresponding protection zone and the container valve of the fire extinguishing agent cylinder group, release the fire extinguishing agent, and implement the fire extinguishing.

B.氣體滅火系統組成:主要由滅火劑瓶組(包括滅火劑瓶組、容器閥)、驅動(dòng)氣體瓶組(包括啟動(dòng)瓶、容器閥)、連接管、單向閥、集流管、泄放裝置、選擇閥(適用于組合分配系統)、減壓裝置(適用于IG541氣體滅火系統)、信號反饋裝置、低泄高封閥、噴嘴、管道及其連接件等構成。配以自動(dòng)滅火探測和控制設備,系統能自動(dòng)運行啟動(dòng),同時(shí)根據需要還可以實(shí)現當地或遠距離手動(dòng)啟動(dòng)。

B. Gas fire extinguishing system composition: mainly composed of fire extinguishing agent bottle group (including fire extinguishing agent bottle group, container valve), driving gas bottle group (including starter bottle, container valve), connecting pipe, one-way valve, manifold, safety release device, selection valve (suitable for combination distribution system), pressure reducing device (suitable for IG541 gas fire extinguishing system), signal feedback device, low release and high seal valve, nozzle, pipeline and its connecting parts, etc. Equipped with automatic fire detection and control equipment, the system can automatically operate and start, and can also be manually started locally or remotely as needed.

C.氣體滅火系統分類(lèi):七氟丙烷滅火系統、IG541滅火系統、氣溶膠、超細干粉

C. Classification of gas fire extinguishing systems: heptafluoropropane fire extinguishing system, IG541 fire extinguishing system, aerosol, ultrafine dry powder

3.泡沫系統:完整的泡沫滅火系統由消防泵、泡沫貯罐、比例混合器、泡沫產(chǎn)生裝置、閥門(mén)及管道、電氣控制裝置組成。泡沫滅火系統按泡沫液的發(fā)泡倍數的不同分低倍數、中倍數及高倍泡沫滅火系統。泡沫滅火系統泡包括:泡沫罐、高倍數泡沫發(fā)生器、隧道用“泡沫消火栓箱”、網(wǎng)形低倍泡沫噴頭、筒形低倍泡沫噴頭、泡沫槍、泡沫消火栓箱、低倍泡沫產(chǎn)生器、泡沫消火栓、等全套產(chǎn)品。

3. foam system: a complete foam fire extinguishing system consists of fire pump, foam storage tank, proportioner, foam generation device, valve and pipeline, and electrical control device. The foam extinguishing system can be divided into low multiple, medium multiple and high multiple foam extinguishing systems according to the different foaming times of foam liquid. Foam extinguishing system foam includes: foam tank, high expansion foam generator, "foam fire hydrant box" for tunnel, mesh low expansion foam nozzle, barrel low expansion foam nozzle, foam gun, foam fire hydrant box, low expansion foam generator, foam fire hydrant, etc.

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